Fasting on the 15th of Sha’ban

Fasting on the 15th of Sha’ban

“In order to observe the Night of Bara’ah, one should remain awakened in this night as much as one can. If someone has better opportunities, he should spend the whole night in worship and prayer. However, if one cannot do so for whatever reason or another, he can select a considerable portion of the night, preferably of the second half of it for this purpose, and should perform the following acts of worship:

  • Salah (prayer)
  • Recitation of the Holy Qur’an
  • Dhikr (remembrance of Allah, by reciting the Names of Allah or other tasbeehaat)
  • Durood (salutations) upon the Holy Prophet(saw)
  • Engaging in much supplication (dua) and invoking Allah(swt).

One should avoid acts that are not a part of the Shariah and have never been mentioned in the ahadeeth and nor were practiced upon by the Sahaabah (ra) or the Pious predecessors (ra), but are rather customary practices that have been introduced into the religion such as cooking specials meals on this night, or gathering together in a location to celebrate this night etc..

Fast of the 15th Sha’ban

On the day immediately following the Night of Bara’ah, i.e. the 15th of Sha’ban, it is mustahabb (advisable) to keep a fast. The Holy Prophet(saw) is reported to have recommended this fast emphatically (mentioned in At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb with the narration of Ibn Majah). Although the scholars of hadith have some doubts in the authenticity of this report, yet as is known from other ahadeeth that the fasts of the first half of Sha’ban have special merits and the Holy Prophet(saw) used to fast most of the days in Sha’ban. Moreover, a large number of the elders (salaf) of the Ummah have been observing the fast of the 15th of Sha’ban. This constant practice indicates that they accepted the relevant hadith as authentic. Therefore it is advisable to fast the 15th of Sha’ban as an optional (nafl) fast. “

[Taken from the book: Islamic Months by Mufti Taqi Uthmani]

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2 Responses to “Fasting on the 15th of Sha’ban”


  1. 1 mohsin July 7, 2011 at 12:17 pm

    Regarding fasting on 15th, by elders, i think it is pure out of context. It is very well known and authenticated to fast on 13, 14, and 15th of every month. They might have done that, and 15th shabaan was just pulled out of that. Why muslims want to do things which are of doubt, while they have things which are well authenticated and don’t care to perform. why those people who fight to fast on 15th shabaan tell people to fast on middle 3 days of all month..

  2. 2 Muslim December 12, 2011 at 5:00 pm

    When a month has exclusive days for fasting then it has a special day or night for exclusive reward as well.

    Examples

    Ramadaan fasting and singling out night of Qadr -Reward all sins forgiven
    And it was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever spends this night in prayer out of faith and in the hope of reward will be forgiven his previous sins.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1901; Muslim, 760.
    The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat) Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 1668
    Zirr (b. Hubaish) reported: I heard from Ubayy b. Ka’b a statement made by ‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud in which he said: He who gets up for prayer (every night) during the year will hit upon Lailat-ul-Qadr. Ubayy said: By Allah I there is no god but He, that (Lailat-ul-Qadr) is in Ramadhan (He swore without reservation: ) By Allah, I know the night; it is the night on which the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) commanded us to pray. It is that which precedes the morning of twenty-seventy and its indication is that the sun rises bright on that day without rays.

    Six days of the month of Shawwal: Reward as if fasted the entire year
    Abu Ayyoub reported that the Messenger of Allah, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam said “Whoever fasts the month of Ramadhan and then follows it by fasting six days during the month of Shawwal will be rewarded as if he had fasted the entire year. [Muslim, at-Tirmithi, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood and Ahmad by way of Jabir].

    Dhul Hijjah: Fasting 9 days -including day of `Arafah: This is for those who are not performing the Hajj (pilgrimage) Reward expiation [of sins] for two years
    Abu Qatadah said : the Messenger of Allah, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, said: “Fasting on the day of `Arafah is an expiation [of sins] for two years, the year preceding it and the year following it and the fasting the day of `Aashuraa’ is an expiation for the year preceding it. [Muslim, an-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood].

    The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast on the first nine days of Dhu’l-Hijjah. It was narrated from Hunaydah ibn Khaalid from his wife, that one of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast on the first nine days of Dhu’l-Hijjah and the day of ‘Ashoora’, and three days each month, the first Monday of the month and two Thursdays. Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 4/205 and by Abu Dawood; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2/462.

    – Fasting three days of every month:reward like fasting the whole year
    Abu Tharr Al-Ghefari said: “The Messenger of Allah, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam, said “Whoever fasts from every month three days, it is like fasting the whole year, then Allah revealed what backs this in His book “Whoever comes with a good deed, he is rewarded ten folds”, one day for ten. [Ibn Majah and at-Tirmithi].

    Fasting on Monday and Thursday & reward is Allah’s forgives
    Abu Hurairah reported that the most the Prophet, salla Allahu alaihi wa salam, would fast would be Monday and Thursday. He was asked about that and he said: “The deeds of people are presented to Allah on every Monday and Thursday. Allah forgives every Muslim except for those who are deserting each other. He says: “leave them for later.” [Ahmad; Hasan]

    Fasting in Sha’baan & 15th of Sha’baan
    Muslim (1156) narrated that Abu Salamah said: “I asked ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) about the fasting of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and she said: ‘He used to fast until we thought that he would always fast, then he would not fast until we thought that he would always not fast, but I never saw him fast in any month more than he fasted in Sha’baan. He used to fast all of Sha’baan, and he used to fast all of Sha’baan apart from a few days.’”
    Night 15th of Sha’ban with the start of Maghrib[Allah forgives in Tahajjud and its time is third part of night] and fasting on the day of 15 Shaban

    Abu Musa Al-Ashar’ee (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Allah’s messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Verily Allah looks at His creation on the 15th of Sha’ban and forgives everyone except a person who commits shirk and a person feels rancor towards his brother . Collected by Ibn Majah (1390) Ibn Abee Asim (510) and others .

    The Book of Fasting (Kitab Al-Sawm) Muslim :: Book 6 : Hadith 2607
    ‘Imran b. Husain (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) having said to him or to someone else: Did you fast in the middle of Sha’ban? He said: No. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: If you did not observe fast, then you should observe fast for two days.

    Note:Worship and avoid biddah.Its not about life span and provision,souls of departed ones returning to their families or Visiting graveyards but its about forgiveness as mentioned in the hadith.

    Not singling out night preceding Friday is only for friday.
    The Book of Fasting (Kitab Al-Sawm) Muslim :: Book 6 : Hadith 2546
    Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not single out the night (preceding) Friday among the nights for prayer and do not single out Friday among days for fasting but only when anyone among you is accustomed to fast (on dates) which coincide with this day (Friday).Islam Question and Answer – Ruling on singling out Friday for fasting

    “When the Middle Night of Shabaan arrives, you should stand (Praying) in the night and should fast in the day following it.This Hadith is recorded by Ibn Majah in his Sunan, one of the famous six books of Hadith, and also by Baihaqi in his famous book Shu’ab-al-‘iman’. Both of them have reported it without any comment about its authenticity. But after a critical analysis of its chain of narrators it is found that this tradition is mainly based on the report of Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Saburah whose narrations cannot be relied upon. That is why the scholars of Hadith have declared it as a weak (da’if) tradition.
    However, the allegation that the narrator of this Hadith i.e. Abu Bakr ibn Abi Saburah, is a fabricator who used to coin forged traditions does not seem correct. In fact, he was mufti of Madinah, a well-known jurist and he was appointed as a qadi (Judge) of Iraq in the days of Mansur and was succeeded in this office by Imam Abu Yousuf. He was a colleague of Imam Malik.

    Once Mansur, the Abbasi Caliph, asked Imam Malik referred to three names, and one of them was that of Ibn Abi Saburah. Had he been a fabricator, Imam Malik would have never referred to his name in this context. But despite his high position among the jurists, his memory was not of the standard required for the uthenticity of a tradition. That is why most of the critics of Hadith like Imam Bukhari etc. Have held him as weak, but did not declare him a fabricator. Only Imam Ahmed is reported to have remarked about him that he fabricates Hadith. But this remark alone is not sufficient to hold him as a fabricator, for two reasons: Firstly Imam Ahmed was born long after him, and his contemporary scholars never held him as such, secondly the Arabic words used by Imam Ahmed are some times used for confusing one tradition with another, and not for deliberate fabrication.

    This is the reason why the majority of the scholars of Hadith have held Abu Bakr ibn Abi Saburah as a weak reporter of Hadith, but they did not declare him as a forger or fabricator. Now, coming to his tradition about the fast of the 15th Ramadan it is held by the scholars to be weak but i have not come across an authentic scholar who has treated it as a fabricated (Mawdu) Hadith. There are a number of books indicating the fabricated Ahadith, but this tradition is not included in these books as fabricated.

    It is well-known that Ibn Majah consists of about twenty Ahadith held to be fabricated. The list of these fabricated AHadith is available, but the tradition in question is not included therein.

    Therefore, the correct position is that this Hadith is not fabricated. However, being reported by a weak narrator, it cannot be relied upon in the matter of the injunctions of Shariah. Thus, the fast of the 15th of Shabaan cannot be termed as Sunnah or Mustahab in the strict sense of the term. Nevertheless, it may be advisable to fast in the 15th of Shabaan without taking it as Sunnah for several reasons:

    Firstly it is fully established through a large number of Ahadith that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) has emphasized on the merits of fasting in Shabaan, and particularly in the first half of the month. The 15th day of Shabaan, being the last day of the first half, is included in the preferable days for fasting.”Excerpts The Fast Of 15th Shaban (Revised opinion of Mufti Taqi Usmani)
    ____________________________________________________________________________

    Reward of Fasting in general (taken from Sahih Muslim):
    Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who observes fast for a day in the way of Allaah He would remove his face from the Hell to the extent of seventy years’ distance. No. 2572

    Sahl b. Sa’d (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: In Paradise there is a gate which is called Rayyan through which only the observers of fast would enter on the Day on Resurrection. None else would enter along with them. It would be proclaimed: Where are the observers of fast that they should be admitted into it? -and when the last of them would enter, it would be closed and no one would enter it. No. 2569

    Abu Huraira (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Every (good) deed of the son of Adam would be multiplied, a good deed receiving a tenfold to seven hundredfold reward. Allaah, the Exalted and Majestic, has said: With the exception of fasting, for it is done for Me and I will give a reward for it, for one abandons his passion and food for My sake. There are two occasions of joy for one who fasts, joy when he breaks it, and joy
    when he meets his Lord, and the breath (of an observer of fast) is sweeter to Allaah than the fragrance of musk. No. 2567

    Abu Huraira reported Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Fasting is a shield. No. 2565

    wallahu al’am.


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